Kategori
Application

10 Hal yang Perlu Diketahui Sebelum Memasang Solar Panel

Ada banyak hal yang perlu diketahui sebelum memasang solar panel, agar produksi daya menjadi lebih maksimal dengan biaya yang efisien. Berikut adalah 10 poin utama yang dapat anda gunakan dalam merencanakan pemasangan sistem listrik surya anda. Jadi, siap untuk #goingsolar ?

Dimana lokasi rumah anda?

Apakah di Jakarta? Palembang? Kutai? Makasar? Bali? dan sebagainya. Mengetahui lokasi rumah akan membantu anda mengetahui potensi daya radiasi matahari yang bisa anda manfaatkan.

Iklan

Sebagai contoh, Kutai berada di pulau kalimantan, tepatnya di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur, dan berada di atas garis khatulistiwa. Berarti anda yang tinggal di Kutai memiliki potensi daya matahari maksimal 4,8 kWh/ hari dengan kemiringan panel menghadap selatan.

Yang perlu anda ingat adalah jika kota yang anda tempati dibawah garis khatulistiwa, maka pemasangan panel surya disarankan menghadap utara. Sedangkan jika anda tinggal di atas garis khatulistiwa, maka pemasangan panel surya menghadap selatan. Sedangkan untuk kemiringan yang disarankan di Indonesia adalah antara 5º hingga 15º.

Baca Juga: Peta Potensi Energi Surya Di Indonesia

Kemana arah atap rumah yang mau anda pasang solar panel?

Apakah rumah anda menghadap barat? timur laut? selatan? Idealnya atap rumah anda harus menghadap utara atau selatan. Karena dengan begitu, sistem listrik surya akan bekerja dengan lebih maksimal. Namun jangan khawatir jika ternyata atap anda tidak menghadap ke arah yang ideal, seperti arah timur laut misalnya. karena sistem solar panel tetap akan terpasang dengan aman dan fungsional dengan perencanaan dan pemilihan solusi yang tepat.

Iklan

Secara detail, anda dapat mendisuksikan perencaan maksimal atap rumah anda dengan penyedia solusi sistem listrik surya. Sebagai gambaran, jika atap anda tidak menghadap sempurna ke selatan atau utara, maka yang terjadi adalah sedikit menurunnya kapasitas produksi listrik surya anda, antara 3-8%.  Akan tetapi, dengan penentuan kapasitas panel surya yang tepat dengan penggunaan produk yang sesuai, maka penurunan kapasitas produksi listrik surya tersebut dapat diminimalisir hingga maksimal.

10 Hal yang Perlu Diketahui Sebelum Memasang Solar Panel

Berapa luas lahan yang tersedia pada atap anda?

Luasan areal atap yang anda miliki, berpengaruh terhadap berapa jumlah kapasitas sistem solar panelyang dapat anda pasang. Idealnya 1 kWp sistem solar panel untuk produksi rata-rata 1 kWh listrik, membutuhkan  lahan ± 2,5 m².

Mengetahui luasan atap juga dapat mempengaruhi pilihan penggunaan panel surya. Jika ruang terbatas, namun anda ingin memaksimalkan potensi produksi daya, maka anda dapat memilih panel surya tipe monocystalline yang memiliki efiensi lebih tinggi dibanding tipe panel surya crystalline lainnya.

Baca juga: Perbedaan Panel Surya Monocrystalline Dan Polycrystalline

Apa tipe atap anda?

Tipe atap berpengaruh terhadap pilihan jenis dan tipe struktur penyangga panel surya anda. Kebanyakan rumah di Indonesia menggunakan genteng keramik, sehingga dudukan penyangga dapat dipasang diantara sambungan genteng tanpa harus merubah struktur atap anda.

Iklan

Berbeda jika atap anda menggunakan genteng Asbes atau Aspal. Tipe atap ini membutuhkan rangkaian penyangga yang dipasang menyatu dengan rangka atap rumah. Karena tipe atap ini, tidak memiliki sambungan yang dimanfaatkan seperti pada genteng keramik. dan akan lebih mudah jika ternyata atap anda adalah dak beton, sehingga penyedia dapat memaksimalkan ruang yang ada untuk meningkatkan produksi panel surya.

Berapa derajat kemiringan atap anda?

di Indonesia, rumah rata-rata memiliki kemiringan atap 30 – 40°. Sedangkan panel surya dapat menangkap sinar matahari, idealnya, pada minimal 5°. Semakin miring atap, efisiensi panel surya akan berkurang. Namun jangan khawatir, minus efisiensi ini cukup kecil dibandingkan dengan total produksi daya yang dapat dihasilkan panel surya anda.

Cukup pastikan ruang untuk pemasangan bebas dari halangan dan bayangan, dan panel surya dapat secara langsung menerima sinar matahari. Selama sinar matahari dapat bebas diterima oleh panel surya, maka besaran daya produksi panel surya dapat tetap dimaksimalkan.

Berapa jarak antar lokasi pemasangan sistem solar panel di atap dengan panel utama rumah?

Setiap susunan panel surya memerlukan panel kontrol. Karena daya yang dihasilkan panel surya adalah tipe DC, maka untuk meminimalisir kehilangan daya saat listrik dialirkan ke inverter, maka jarak ideal antara panel surya dengan inverter adalah ± 50 m. Setelah listrik DC diubah oleh inverter menjadi AC, maka anda dapat memanfaatkan listrik sebagaimana biasanya.

Sebagai pengaman, sistem panel surya akan dilengkapi dengan DC disconnect, kotak kontrol DC dan AC. Didalam kotak kontrol tersebut, secara terpisah, akan terdapat MCB (untuk mengamankan sistem dari hubung singkat) dan surge arester (untuk mengamankan sistem dari petir), juga perlu dipersiapkan pentanahan (grounding).

Berapa daya rumah anda?

Rata-rata penggunaan daya PLN di rumah adalah 1300 VA atau 2200 VA. Anda dapat menemukan berapa daya rumah anda di bukti pembayaran PLN. Mengetahui daya rumah dapat menjadi informasi penggunaan tipe sistem solar panel dan sebagai acuan untuk menghitung biaya investasi sistem solar panel.

Iklan

Karena menurut peraturan PLN, anda tidak bisa memasanga sistem listrik surya atap melebihi dari kapasitas panel surya terpasang. Jadi ada kuota maksimal ± 90% kapasitas listrik surya yang dapat terpasang dari kWh meter anda. Singkatnya jika rumah anda 2200 VA, maka anda dapat memasang sistem panel surya dengan kapasitas ± 2000 watt atau ± 2 kWp.

Anda membutuhkan sistem solar panel untuk “penghematan” atau “pendukung” daya yang ada?

Tentukan fungsi penggunaan sistem panel surya anda, apakah sistem panel surya digunakan untuk penghematan? Jika ya, maka anda memerlukan sistem panel surya yang dapat terkoneksi dengan PLN dan mampu bekerja bersamaan dengan listrik PLN. Sistem panel surya ini biasa disebut Grid Tie.

Atau sistem panel surya akan anda gunakan sebagai pendukung daya PLN? Misalkan untuk persiapan pemadaman listrik atau untuk bekerja mandiri tanpa listrik PLN. Jika ya, maka anda memerlukan sistem panel surya yang dapat berfungsi mandiri, namun juga dapat dihubungkan dengan PLN sebagai alternatif pilihan sumber daya. Sistem panel surya yang dapat anda gunakan adalah PV Hybrid.

Seberapa sering PLN area Anda melakukan pemadaman?

Jika listrik PLN anda sering padam, maka anda tidak bisa hanya menggunakan sistem panel surya pada saat matahari ada. Sistem panel surya anda harus siap kapanpun listrik mati, sehingga dapat berfungsi maksimal. Bayangkan jika listrik padam pada saat hujan atau saat malam hari, dimana matahari tidak bersinar.

Oleh karena itu, anda membutuhkan baterai sebagai bank daya. Dimana kelebihan produksi listrik yang dihasilkan sistem panel surya pada siang hari dapat disimpan di baterai untuk dapat digunakan sewaktu-waktu. Sistem grid tie ataupun off grid, dapat memiliki kemampuan yang sama untuk menggunakan baterai.

Berapa dana yang anda punya?

Sistem solar panel bukan produk murah! (sebagai investasi awal). Namun dapat menjadi lebih murah dibanding PLN, jika dihitung dalam masa operasional, hingga +25 tahun. Sehingga, mengetahui berapa besar pendanaan anda, akan membantu perencanaan pemasangan sistem solar panel yang lebih matang.

Iklan

Sistem solar panel memiliki sifat modular, sehingga kapasitasnya dapat ditingkatkan dengan mudah. Sehingga jika anda merencanakan memasang sistem 1 kWp, anda dapat mulai memasang dengan panel 100 Wp dan terus anda tambah hingga kapasitas total yang ingin anda pasang tercapai.

Sistem solar panel adalah salah satu alternatif penggunaan energi listrik yang ramah lingkungan. Sudah seharusnya, kita mulai beralih menggunakan sumber energi yang tidak pernah akan habis ini. Jadi, setelah membaca 10 hal yang perlu diketahui sebelum memasang solar panel, tertarik untuk #goingsolar?

Iklan

81 tanggapan untuk “10 Hal yang Perlu Diketahui Sebelum Memasang Solar Panel”

I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but good
topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

Pretty part of content. I simply stumbled upon your
web site and in accession capital to claim that I get in fact
enjoyed account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing on your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed! Very useful info particularly the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this certain info for a long time.
Thank you and good luck.

I wanted to thank you for this very good read!! I certainly enjoyed every
bit of it. I have you book marked to check out new things
you post…cheap nhl jerseys from China

I have been reading out many of your articles and i can claim pretty nice stuff.
I will ensure to bookmark your blog.

Appreciating the time and effort you put
into your website and in depth information you provide.
It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same outdated rehashed information. Wonderful read!

I wanted to say I appreciate you supplying these details, you’re doing an excellent job with the website…

Asking questions are in fact fastidious thing
if you are not understanding anything fully, however this post offers nice understanding even.

I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish.
nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following.

Hi there, its good paragraph on the topic of media print, we all understand media is a fantastic source of
information.

As being a newbie, I am exploring online for articles which could be of assistance to me.
Yours is useful glad to have discovered it. Cheers.

Today my brand new youthful brother began classes asking about to me dealing with your article. Having Said That I wasn’t eager to let her know much of it because I usually don’t actually know the people.
Writers basically savvy somebody, should you article all of us with it, if possible?))

Hola! I’ve been reading your web site for some time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the good work!

Good way of describing, and pleasant paragraph to get facts concerning my
presentation subject, which i am going to convey in school.

Asking questions are in fact good thing if you are not understanding something fully, except this paragraph presents pleasant understanding yet.

Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site.
I stumbled upon it 😉 I am going to come back once again since I book marked it.
Solar energy is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

hello there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up something new from right here.
I did however expertise several technical points using this website, since I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly.
I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score
if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look
out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content.
Make sure you update this again soon.

Very nice article and straight to the point. I am not sure if this is truly the
best place to ask but do you guys have any ideea where to hire some professional writers?
Thank you 🙂

Hello! This post could not be written any better!

Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks,
However I am encountering difficulties with your RSS.

I don?t know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody else having similar RSS problems?

Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond?
Thanks!! https://www.24hourwristbands.ca

I know this site gives quality depending content
and other material, is there any other web site which offers such data in quality?

Hi there, for all time i used to check website posts here early in the daylight, since
i love to learn more and more.

Ꭼverү weedkend i used to pay а quick visit thіs website, for the reason that i want enjoyment, as this thіs site conations гeally nicee funny
іnformation tοo.

Hi i am kevin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i
read this article i thought i could also create comment due to this good post.

You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something which I think I would never understand.
It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next
post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

I’ᴠe been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality
articles or ƅlog posts in this sort of space .
Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumblеd upon this site.
Studying thiѕ іnformation So I am satisfied to exprеss that I’ve got a very just
rіght uncanny feeⅼing I found out exactly what I needeԀ.
I sucһ a lot definitely wilⅼ make сertain to don?t disregard this website aand ɡive it a
look on a relentless basis.

Wow! At last I got a website from where I know how
to actually get helpful data concerning my study and knowledge.

I go to see day-to-day some web sites and information sites to read articles or reviews, but this website presents feature based articles.

Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed soon. Kudos

Great post, I conceive website owners should learn a lot from this website its real user genial. So much wonderful information on here
:D.

Ι was wondering if yⲟu ever considered chɑnging the page layout of y᧐ur ƅlog? Ιts very well written; I love what yοuve gоt to saу.
But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connct with it better.
Yоu’ve gott an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 images. Maybe you could space it out betteг?

If some one desires to be updated with hottest technologies then he must be pay a visit this site and be up to date all the time.

Thanks for the good writeup. It in reality was once a entertainment account it.
Look complicated to more brought agreeable from you! However, how could we communicate?

Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write on my site something like that.

Can I implement a part of your post to my site?

Failure to do so may result in a player having their bonus revoked, along with any winnings they may have accrued.

Hello to all, the contents existing at this web site are really remarkable for people experience, well, keep up the good work fellows.

This website was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
Finally I have found ssomething which hekped me.

Thanks a lot!

Merely wanna input on few general things, The website design and style is perfect, the content material is very superb :D.

Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I truly appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your next post thank you once again.

I have learn a few just right stuff here.
Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how so much effort you put to create any such wonderful informative web site.

Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve understand your
stuff previous to and you’re just extremely excellent.
I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it
smart. I can’t wait to read much more from you.

This is actually a great website.

Hi i am Dani, its my first occasion to commenting anyplace, when i read this post i thought i could also make comment due to this brilliant article.

The content in the site ought to be coded in a way that they would be loved both with the search engines’ spiders along with your visitors.
Using a host of SEO tools they’re going to then recognize how
well your internet site is currently doing and what can you do to improve your
internet traffic and obviously your revenues.
Unless you possess some technical experience with web servers you may battle
to perform your individual server management and administrative tasks.

hello!,I really like your writing very a lot! percentage we keep
up a correspondence more about your post on AOL?

I require a specialist in this space to resolve my problem.
Maybe that is you! Taking a look ahead to see
you.

Hello there! I want to say that this article is amazing, nice written and include approximately all significant infos.
I’d like to peer extra posts like this .

Improvisation counts within this business, which utilizes a skill and knowledge level of the graphic
designer. Here, it is crucial to purge the setting in order to enhance the appearance of
the red rose. The ideal position as well as mind-set amounts are going to be led
to your bank account inside the Singing Lessons Melbourne that could have
actually a larger affect your own personal vocal range skills.

An interesting discussion is worth comment.
I think that you need to write more on this subject, it may
not be a taboo matter but generally people do not discuss
these topics. To the next! Cheers!!

Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is
just spectacular and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.
Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date with
forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the
enjoyable work.

I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
Thanks for great info I was looking for this info for my mission.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *

five + 1 =